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Royal Army Training Command
Commando Opleidingen Koninklijke Landmacht (COKL)

Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV


Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
Royal Army Training Command [a]
Amersfoort 60/29/15/22 (126)
Physical Education/Sports Organisation Amersfoort 28/353/-/3 (384)
Lebanon Training Detachment [b] Veldhoven 1/2/1 (4)
Ground-Air Cooperation Training Centre Arnhem 7/3/3/1 (14)

Commando Corps Roosendaal 11/55/45/13 (124)
Infantry Training Centre [c] Harderwijk 76/316/329/107 (828)
Cavalry Training Centre [d] Amersfoort 71/355/369/138 (933)
Artillery Training Centre [e] Breda 94/261/247/133 (735)

a. Peacetime organisation. On mobilisation Royal Army Training Command would close down and most of its personnel would go to their mobilisation destinations in first-line units, whilst the remaining personnel would form Army Training and Replacement Command. Staff, Royal Army Training Command would become Staff and Staff Company, Army Training and Replacement Command. It would appear that the core elements ("kern") mentioned under the training centres below would also transfer to Army Training and Replacement Command.1
b. Trained conscript personnel for service with the Infantry Company (UN) in Lebanon, which was part of the United Nations Interim Force In Lebanon (UNIFIL). The detachment was formed in February 1984 and disbanded in May 1986, after the government in October 1985 decided to end the Netherlands contribution to UNIFIL.2
c. Elements in Harderwijk: core (kern), Infantry Shooting School (Infanterie Schietschool, ISS), Infantry Tactical School (Infanterie Tactiekschool, ITS). Element in Ermelo: Infantry Reserve-Officer and Cadre School (School Reserve-Officieren en Kader Infanterie, SROKI). Element in Harskamp: Infantry Firing Range (Infanterieschietkamp, ISK).
d. Elements in Amersfoort: core (kern), Cavalry School (Cavalerieschool, CAVS), Cavalry Vocational Training School Squadron (Schooleskadron Beroepsopleidingen Cavalerie, SEBOC), Cavalry Reserve-Officer School (School Reserve-Officieren Cavalerie, SROC), Cadre School Squadron (Kaderschooleskadron, KSE), Tank School Battalion (Schoolbataljon Tanks, SBT), Reconnaissance School Battalion (Schoolbataljon Verkenning, SBV). Element on the island of Vlieland: Cavalry Gunnery Range (Cavalerieschietkamp, CSK).
e. Elements in Breda: core (kern), Artillery School Breda (Artillerieschool Breda, ASB). Elements in 't Harde: Artillery School Oldebroek (Artillerieschool Oldebroek, ASO), Artillery Firing Range (Artillerieschietkamp, ASK). Element in Ede: Anti-Aircraft Artillery School) (Luchtdoelartillerieschool, LUAS). Element in Den Helder: Anti-Aircraft Artillery Firing Range (Luchtdoelartillerieschietkamp, LUASK). The artillery and anti-aircraft artillery firing ranges would remain operational in wartime; on mobilisation they would be placed under Army Training and Replacement Command.   

Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV

Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
Engineer Training Centre [a] Vught 61/344/258/84 (747)
Nuclear, Biological and Chemical School Breda 8/7/2/4 (21)
Military Intelligence School Harderwijk 20/11/3/21 (55)
Signals Training Centre [b] Ede 68/326/144/95 (633)
Technical Service Training Centre [c] Utrecht 65/397/20/106 (588)
Technical Specialists Training Centre South [d] Roermond 8/30/5/6 (49)
Transport Training Centre Tilburg 17/35/13/13 (78)
52 Light Transport Company [e] Tilburg 5/17/92 (114) 5/16/141 (162)

a. Elements in Vught: core (kern), Miner and Sapper School (Mineurs- en Sappeursschool, MSS), Engineer Officer and Cadre School (School Officieren en Kader Genie, SOKG), Engineer Initial Training School (School Initiële Opleidingen Genie, SIOG), Engineer Special Training School (School Speciale Opleidingen Genie, SSOG), one machinist school company, one mechanic school company and one service support company. Elements in Den Bosch: Torpedoist and Pontonier School (Pontonniers- en Torpedistenschool, PTS), Bridge and Road School (Bruggen- en Wegenschool, BWS). Element in Reek: training area.
b. Comprised core element (kern), two training companies, four instruction companies and a ZODIAC trial detachment.
c. Elements in Utrecht: core (kern), one school company and four instruction companies. Elements in Soesterberg: two instruction companies.
d. Comprised core element (kern) and one school company.
e. Peacetime organisation: under command of 105 Transport Battalion in wartime.

Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV


Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
Quartermaster Training Centre [a] Bussum 49/139/33/40 (261)
Military Medical Service Training Centre [b] Hilversum 43/100/25/47 (215)
General Training Centre [c] Den Bosch 12/71/3/11 (97)
Royal Military School [d] Weert 31/91/23/30 (175)
Advanced Sub-Officer School [e] Weert 14/10/3/2 (29)
Special Officer Training Centre [f] Breda 13/16/8/7 (44)
Training Centre for Academic/Higher-Educated Personnel [g] Appingedam 2/6/1/2 (11)

a. Elements in Bussum included: core (kern), one school company, one instruction company, three cadre companies. Element in Haarlem: cookery school.
b. Comprised core element (kern), one school company, one training company and two companies (A and B Company).
c. Elements in Den Bosch: core (kern) and three training companies. Element in Grave: one training company.
d. Handled the initial military training and education of professional sub-officers.3 Comprised core element (kern) and three school companies.
e. Personnel strength 16/12/3/2 (33) per September 1985.
f. Enabled civilians, reserve officers and professional sub-officers without a pre-university education (vwo), but with a higher general secondary education (havo), to become officers (primary officer schooling). This was the so-called "B programme" or "Second Way" to become an officer, the "A programme" or "First Way" being provided by the Royal Military Academy. The "B" programme was shorter and more practice-oriented than academic. "B" officers could not rise above the rank of lieutenant-colonel, but most "A" officers didn't either.4    
g. Comprised core element (kern) and one school company.

Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV

Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
Didactics and Military Leadership Training Centre Grave 10/8/4/9 (31)
Driver Training Centre [a] Vught 90/375/933/194 (1592)
Physical Education Training Centre Ossendrecht 8/15/3/3 (29)
Military Administration Training Centre [b] Middelburg 22/56/1/11 (90)
Royal Army Training Command Peace Strength: 894/3428/2583/1102 (8007)5
Royal Army Training Command War Strength: –

a. Core element (kern) in Vught. Element in Eindhoven and Amersfoort: Driving and Traction School (Rij- en Tractieschool, RTS). Element in Veldhoven: Armoured Infantry Driving and Training Centre (Pantserinfanterie Rij- en Opleidingscentrum, PIROC). Element in Bergen op Zoom and Ossendrecht: Driving School Bergen op Zoom (Driving School Bergen op Zoom, RSB). Element in Tilburg, Raamsdonksveer and Harskamp: Driving School Tilburg (Rijschool Tilburg, RST). Element in Venlo and Grave: Driving School Venlo (Rijschool Venlo, RSV).
b. Elements in Middelburg: core (kern) and two instruction companies. Element in Ossendrecht: one instruction company.


1. VS 2-1050/1A, VI-17 t/m 19. For a survey of Royal Army Training Command see Oenema, Ontstaan en organisatie, and Van Ree, 25 jaar COKL. The role of the core elements is suggested by the use of the word ("kern") in NL-HaNA documents regarding the wartime personnel replacement system (see Army Training and Replacement Command, footnote 5).
2. Schoenmaker en Roozenbeek, Vredesmacht, 384-385, 416. Archiefinventaris NL-HaNA 2.13.213, 10.
3. Schouwenaars, De Koninklijke, 461. See also Bevaart, Vijftig jaar.
4. Boekholt, De opleiding. Kamminga, Het Opleidingscentrum. Sinterniklaas, Officiersopleidingen, 583. See also Bevaart, Kort maar Krachtig.
5. Recruits not included. Selles, Personele vulling, 456.