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Royal Military Constabulary
Koninklijke Marechaussee (KMAR)

Part I | Part II

437 MareskBSBKMARSt KMAR436 MareskSt 2 Div KMARSt 2 Div KMAR2 Div KMARAanvdet Distr KMAR NHDistr KMAR NHDistr KMAR ZHAanvdet Distr KMAR ZHDistr KMAR UTAanvdet Distr KMAR UTAanvdet Distr KMAR LBDistr KMAR LBAanvdet Distr KMAR NBDistr KMAR NBDistr KMAR ZLDAanvdet Distr KMAR ZLD1 Div KMAR

Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
Staff
Royal Military Constabulary
Den Haag 23/39/21/20 (103)
22/39/21/20 (102)
 
1 Division Royal Military Constabulary
Staff
Division Royal Military Constabulary
Breda 4/15/10/9 (38) 6/14/13/7 (40)
Royal Military Constabulary District Zeeland [a] Vlissingen 1/38/47/3 (89) 1/47/86/3 (137)
Replacement Holding Detachment [a] 3/3/9 (15)
Royal Military Constabulary District North Brabant [a] Den Bosch 3/104/117/6 (230) 3/132/354/6 (495)
Replacement Holding Detachment [a] 3/7/79 (89)
Royal Military Constabulary District Limburg [a] Maastricht 5/130/176/6 (317) 5/132/586/6 (729) 
Replacement Holding Detachment [a] [b] 2/6/68 (76)
436 Military Constabulary Squadron [c] 6/29/200 (235)
   
2 Division Royal Military Constabulary
Staff
Division Royal Military Constabulary
Den Haag 4/17/7/8 (36) 6/14/10/6 (36)
Royal Military Constabulary District North Holland [a] Amsterdam 8/183/261/4 (456) 8/198/417/4 (627)
Replacement Holding Detachment [a] 4/19/33 (56)
Royal Military Constabulary District South Holland [a] Den Haag 6/206/423/3 (638) 6/207/693/3 (909)
Replacement Holding Detachment [a] 4/23/63 (90)
Royal Military Constabulary District Utrecht [a] Utrecht 3/71/151/4 (229) 3/76/200/4 (283) 
Replacement Holding Detachment [a] 2/8/7 (17)
437 Military Constabulary Squadron [d] 6/29/200 (235)
Special Security Assignments Brigade [e] Utrecht 2/15/19 (36) 2/15/19 (36)

Notes

a. Filled (out) by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to twelve and a half years prior to mobilisation.1
b. In June 1985 wartime strength was -/8/177 (185); the abovementioned strength was adopted in September 1985.
c. Filled by mobilisable personnel from 102 Military Constabulary Squadron (GRIM) after their fourteen to sixteen-month RIM period in that unit had expired, up to eight and a half years prior to mobilisation.1 4
d. GRIM squadron, largely filled by mobilisable subunits that had fulfilled their active-duty period in 41 Military Constabulary Squadron between four and twenty months prior to mobilisation. From 1988 the squadron lost its GRIM status and would be filled by mobilisable personnel from 201 Military Constabulary Squadron (GRIM).1 4
e. Special Forces unit designed for the operational gap between the civilian police and the Marine Corps Special Assistance Unit. Formed in 1975 and initially closely modeled on the West German GSG 9 elite police tactical unit. As its name indicates, the Brigade Speciale Beveiligingsopdrachten (BSB) primarily handled personal protection missions for both civilian and military VIPs. Other tasks included securing the central bank (De Nederlandsche Bank) and political and NATO conferences. In addition the BSB was available to provide special assistance to civilian authorities and police, independently or in cooperation with other elements of the KMAR or the Armed Forces. Such operations would engage serious disturbances of public order or violent crime. Training included mastering a variety of weapons, close protection, unarmed combat, forced entry, operating with armoured vehicles, knowledge of subversive organisations, and possibly long range/precision shooting. The BSB comprised six five-men teams of picked men and a six-men staff. In 1985 armament may have included UZI submachine guns and perhaps FN 30-11 sniper rifles. In 1989 armament included M1 Carbines (teargas), multiple variants of the Heckler & Koch MP5 submachine gun and Heckler & Koch HK33-SG1 assault rifles. These weapons were probably in use in 1985 as well.2



Part I | Part II


Ctrrecherche KMARCtrvkpost KMAR [CVKMAR]OCKMARDistr KMAR KLu BRDH MareskDistr KMAR NAanvdet Distr KMAR GLDAanvdet Distr KMAR NAanvdet Distr KMAR OVSt 3 Div KMARDistr KMAR GLDDistr KMAR OV201 Maresk3 Div KMAR

3 Division Royal Military Constabulary
Staff
3
Division Royal Military Constabulary
Arnhem 4/17/11/8 (40) 6/15/14/6 (41)
Royal Military Constabulary District Gelderland [a] Arnhem 5/210/309/6 (530) 5/216/613/6 (840)
Replacement Holding Detachment [a] 3/12/52 (67)
Royal Military Constabulary District Overijssel [a] Oldenzaal 3/77/96/5 (181) 3/83/326/5 (417)
Replacement Holding Detachment [a] 3/6/40 (49)
Royal Military Constabulary District North [a] Groningen 2/75/79/5 (161) 2/78/335/5 (420) 
Replacement Holding Detachment [a] 3/9/34 (46)
201 Military Constabulary Squadron [a] 6/29/200 (235)
   
Royal Military Constabulary
District Royal Air Force FRG [a] [b]
Greven
(Westfalen, GE)
2/31/25 (58) 2/38/67 (107)
   
Royal Military Constabulary Central Traffic Control [c] Driebergen -/4/5 (9) -/4/5 (9)
Royal Military Constabulary
Central Criminal Investigation Department
Den Haag 4/23/3/7 (37) 4/23/3/7 (37)
 
H Military Constabulary Squadron [a] 2/27/73 (102)
   
Royal Military Constabulary Training Centre [d] Apeldoorn 22/139/39/38 (238)
   
Royal Military Constabulary Peace Strength: 101/1394/1799/132 (3426)
Royal Military Constabulary War Strength: 131/1538/4820/88 (6577)

Notes

   
a. Filled (out) by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to twelve and a half years prior to mobilisation.1
b. Peacetime organisation: under Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force in wartime. FRG: Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
c. Main task was integrating military traffic into civilian traffic as seamlessly as possible. Central Traffic Control provided traffic information for Armed Forces clients and maintained current, extensive and detailed information about the traffic infrastructure in the Netherlands. Integrated with the State Police General Traffic Service (Algemene Verkeersdienst Rijkspolitie) in Driebergen.3
d. Comprised core (kern), Royal Military Constabulary School (School Koninklijke Marechaussee), Royal Military Constabulary Vocational Training School (Schoolopleiding Beroeps Koninklijke Marechaussee, SOB) and Royal Military Constabulary Conscript Training School (Schoolopleiding Dienstplichtigen Koninklijke Marechaussee, SOD).

_________________________________________________

1. NIMH 205A/10, Aflossing van mobilisabele eenheden en -aanvullingen d.d. 27 mei 1980. Ibid., d.d. 11 november 1983. Ibid., d.d. 17 juni 1985.
2. Roozenbeek et al., Een krachtig instrument, 149-150, 155. Timmer, Politiegeweld, 349-350. Velthuis, Koninklijke marechaussee, 530. During the sometimes violent social unrest of the late 1970s and early 1980s the BSB was engaged in civilian police operations several times. Roozenbeek et al., op. cit., 150-153, 155, 158. Long range/precision shooting: during the violent riots in Amsterdam on 30 April 1980 (investiture of Queen Beatrix) two BSB teams were deployed as snipers on the roofs around Dam Square (de Dam) in protection of the Royal Palace, equipped with Heckler & Koch HK33-SG1 assault rifles or FN 30-11 sniper rifles. Roozenbeek et al., op. cit., 155. Timmer, op. cit., 350. Heckler & Koch MP5 and HK33 probably in use in 1985: the first of these weapons were acquired by the Ministry of Justice as early as 1978. HTK 1978-1979, 16de vergadering, 1 november 1978.
3. Sassen, Koninklijke marechaussee, 574-575. Van Zuijdam, Het Wapen, 499. In 1983 there were about 2,500 military convoys on the Dutch roads, about 1,000 NATO Transports and some 6900 ammunition transports; all in all some 100,000 military vehicles, individual movements not included. Sassen, op. cit., 574. No doubt these numbers were higher than in other years because of the massive Autumn Forge 83 NATO exercises; see also Johannisse et al., De Koninklijke, 570-578.
4. RIM was the Dutch acronym for Direct Influx into Mobilisable Units (Rechtstreekse Instroming in Mobilisabele Eenheden). GRIM was a variant of this system, meaning "Largely RIM" (Grotendeels Rechtstreekse Instroming in Mobilisabele Eenheden). For a survey of the Royal Army's unit filling and reserve system see Gijsbers, Blik in de smidse, 2222-2231; Selles, Personele vulling; Berghuijs, Opleiding, 14-23. In English: Isby and Kamps, Armies, 341-343; Sorrell, Je Maintiendrai, 94-96; Van Vuren, The Royal Netherlands Army TodayMilitary Review April 1982, 23-28.