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Royal Army
Koninklijke Landmacht (KL)



Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV | Part V


Korpsco LASSie ALZ BLSNiet-mindeel LASOorlogsstaf BLSCcieBcieAcieStdet Korpsco MINDEF LAKorpsco MINDEF La

Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
Army Staff (Non-Ministerial Part) [a] Den Haag 113/76/31/130 (350)
14/7/7/60 (88)
War Staff Commander-in-Chief of the Army [b]
180/163/201/97 (641)
   
Army Staff Corps Command [c] [d] Den Haag 3/16/35/14 (68) 4/22/125/13 (164)
   
Ministry of Defence Corps Command (Army) [d] [e]
Staff Detachment
Ministry of Defence Corps Command (Army)
Den Haag 3/10/2/6 (21) 3/10/3/6 (22)
A Company Den Haag 1/6/2/1 (10)
B Company Den Haag 1/6/2/1 (10) 2/6/3/2 (13)
C Company [f] Den Haag 1/4/1/2 (8) 2/6/2/2 (12)
    6/26/7/10 (49) 7/22/8/10 (47)
   
General Affairs Section [g] Den Haag 4/-/-/27 (31) 16/15/- (31)

Notes
   
a. The Commander-in-Chief of the Army (Bevelhebber der Landstrijdkrachten, BLS) was also Chief of Staff of the Army (Chef Landmachtstaf, CLAS). The staffs of both functions were referred to as, respectively, the Non-Ministerial and the Ministerial Part of the Army Staff (Landmachtstaf, LAS). The Non-Ministerial Part was concerned with the operational effectiveness of the Royal Army's military units and installations, the Ministerial Part handled the underlying operational policies of the Royal Army.1 See Ministry of Defence, where the Ministerial Part of the Army Staff is indicated in the organisational chart by the Chief of Staff of the Army. It was co-located with the Non-Ministerial Part of the Army Staff in Den Haag and had a peacetime strength of 106/32/20/139 (297), and a wartime strength of 26/17/7/77 (127).
b. For eighty-six percent filled by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to eight and a half years prior to mobilisation.2 It seems likely, however, that at least part of the peacetime personnel of the Army Staff (Non-Ministerial and/or Ministerial) would go to the War Staff. Personnel strength is from December 1985; in June 1985 strength was 180/161/124/96 (561). The increase may be linked to the disbandment of Army Staff Corps Command (see note c).   
c. Filled out by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to eight and a half years prior to mobilisation.2 Disbanded between June and December 1985. After disbandment its tasks were probably transferred to Ministry of Defence Corps Command (Army) and perhaps to the War Staff.
d. Contrary to what their names suggest these two "corps commands" had nothing to do with 1 (NL) Corps. It appears they exercised administrative control over, and provided service support to the various staff and administrative organisations under the authority of the Non-Ministerial Part of the Army Staff (Army Staff Corps Command) and the Ministerial Part of the Army Staff (Ministry of Defence Corps Command (Army)).3      
e. Organisation and strengths from December 1985. In June 1985 this was a peacetime-only unit, comprising Staff Detachment (4/14/1/22 (41)), A Company (2/6/2/4 (14)) and B Company (2/6/4/4 (16)), total strength 8/26/7/30 (71).
f. Formed between June and December 1985.
g. On mobilisation all personnel would be replaced by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to eight and a half years prior to mobilisation.2



Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV | Part V

KMCKMARNTC1 LkCOALCVKLNLCCOKLGCKL  
Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
1 (NL) Corps [a] Apeldoorn 2375/6305/24053/83 (32816)
5659/13867/67727/266 (87519)
National Territorial Command Gouda 379/1647/2545/5465 (10036) 2423/6071/31184/3211 (42889)
National Logistic Command Deventer 113/514/311/3472 (4410) 604/1712/9889/3361 (15566)
Royal Army Signal Command Den Haag 118/312/1116/505 (2051) 176/562/2592/488 (3818)
Royal Army Medical Command Deventer 20/15/3/14 (52) 968/1161/4881/149 (7159)
Royal Army Training Command /
Army Training and Replacement Command [b]
Amersfoort 894/3428/2583/1102 (8007) 798/2520/9951/218 (13487)
Royal Military Constabulary [c] Den Haag 99/1379/1780/132 (3390) 127/1485/4734/88 (6434)
Mobile Columns Corps Laren NH 23/69/28/59 (179) 855/1851/14114/51 (16871)

Notes


a. Peacetime organisation. In wartime under operational command of NATO's Northern Army Group (NORTHAG).
b. On mobilisation Royal Army Training Command (COKL) would close down and most of its personnel would go to their mobilisation destinations in first-line units, whilst the remaining personnel would form Army Training and Replacement Command (COAL).4
c. Wartime organisation. In peacetime the Royal Military Constabulary (KMAR) was under command of the Minister of Defence.



Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV | Part V


Bldtrfd-ctrbldbnklabMHAMDMGGnkddephrstwkvzplCMABVVKDir (10x)St DGWTABGIGDKLAlgmblkrArrkr ArnhemAVDKL841 TopodMIOBAAG USADGWTHKSKMA

Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
Royal Military Academy [a] Breda 76/54/24/159 (313)
Higher War School [b] Den Haag 36/7/1/16 (60)

   
Buildings, Works and Sites Directorate [c]
Staff
Buildings, Works and Sites Directorate
Den Haag 9/-/1/6 (16)
9/-/1/6 (16)
Engineer Advisory Bureau Den Haag 5/-/4/10 (19)
5/-/4/10 (19)
Bureau Preparations of Provisions to
Artificial Structures
Utrecht 4/8/5/25 (42)
4/8/5/25 (42)
Directorate North Holland Amsterdam 7/5/4 (16) 7/5/4 (16)
Directorate South Holland Leiden 10/5/5 (20) 10/5/5 (20)
Directorate Utrecht Amersfoort 7/4/3 (14) 7/4/3 (14)
Directorate Gelderland Apeldoorn 12/6/6 (24) 12/6/6 (24)
Directorate Overijssel Deventer 6/4/4 (14) 6/4/4 (14)
Directorate North Netherlands Assen 7/5/4 (16) 7/5/4 (16)
Directorate South West Netherlands Breda 10/6/6 (22) 10/6/6 (22)
Directorate Brabant Breda 8/5/5 (18) 8/5/5 (18)
Directorate Limburg Roermond 5/4/3 (12) 5/4/3 (12)
Directorate Germany Greven (GE) 7/5/4 (16) 7/5/4 (16)
   
Materiel Inspection Office Utrecht 6/53/4/6 (69)

   
Freight Transport Bureau USA [d] Dundalk (US) -/2/-/3 (5)
-/2/-/3 (5)
   
Inspection of Royal Army Medical Services [e] Den Haag 46/36/5/112 (199) 29/16/5/106 (156)
Military Health Service [f] Utrecht 3/9/11/35 (58) 7/1/7/24 (39)
Dr. A. Matthijsen Military Hospital [f] [g] Utrecht 103/112/53/719 (987) 208/141/101/702 (1152)
Central Military Pharmacy [f] Amsterdam 8/6/-/29 (43) 8/6/-/29 (43)
Medical Services Depot and
Repair and Collection Point [f]
Amsterdam 3/11/5/82 (101) 3/10/6/82 (101)
Military Blood Transfusion Service and
Central Blood Bank Laboratory [f] [g]
Amsterdam 6/9/3/12 (30) 10/15/30/12 (67)
   
841 Topographic Service [h] Emmen -/-/-/211 (211)
2/-/-/209 (211)
Royal Army Audiovisual Service [i] Den Haag 1/6/2/22 (31)

   
Arnhem District Court-Martial Arnhem 9/-/2 (11)
9/-/2 (11)
General Mobile Court-Martial [j]
30/15/24 (69)

Notes
   
a. Provided the "A programme" or "First Way" to become an officer in the Royal Army or the Royal air Force (primary officer schooling). Open for candidates with the proper pre-university education (vwo).5 For the "B programme" or "Second Way", see Royal Army Training Command, Special Officer Training Centre.
b. Provided the secondary military education programme for commissioned officers in the rank of captain. The main components were the Staff Course (Stafdienst) and the subsequent Higher Military Education study (Hogere Militaire Vorming, HMV), the latter being for those found eligible during the Staff Course. HMV formed the highest schooling available to Royal Army officers. In 1985 a tertiary education level was under consideration, which would be introduced in 1987.6
c. Wartime organisation. In peacetime under Directorate-General Materiel of the Ministry of Defence.7
d. Wartime Organisation. In peacetime under command of the Ministerial Part of the Army Staff (see Part I, note a). Located in Dundalk, Baltimore (US). Bureau Aan- en Afvoer Goederen was previously known as Bureau Goederenvervoer (BGVV). The name change may indicate a functional change. In 1983 the Bureau, then located in New York City under its former name, operated as a coordinating agent for the shipment of military materiel acquired in the United States for the Netherlands armed forces.8
e. Wartime organisation. In peacetime under command of Director of Personnel Royal Army, Ministry of Defence.
f. These were so-called "special organisation units" (bijzondere organisatie eenheden, BOE) of the Director of Personnel Royal Army, permanently attached to the Inspection of Royal Army Medical Services (see note e).9
g. Filled (out) by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to twelve and a half years prior to mobilisation.2
h.Also known as Topografische Dienst (TDN). Produced military maps for the armed forces. Some 40 personnel were based in Delft as an auxiliary branch.10 Storage and distribution of maps was handled by 402 Map Storage and Distribution Group and 401 Map Distribution Platoon.
i. Previously known as Leger Film- en Fotodienst (LFFD).
j. Filled by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to eight and a half years prior to mobilisation.2



Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV | Part V

450 CidetCensdet Rotterdam451 CidetCensdet 's-GravenhageCensdet AmsterdamINCD893 VldpcensdetNL Det SinaiInfcie (VN)KLpers tbv St UNIFIL449 CidetNCD860 Det KMAR BLSG MareskMPC Nieuwersluis

Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
Military Penitentiary Centre Nieuwersluis Nieuwersluis 4/53/7/2 (66) 4/56/7/2 (69)
   
860 Military Constabulary Detachment
for Commander-in-Chief of the Army [a]
1/10/62 (73)
G Military Constabulary Squadron [b] 2/22/38 (62)
   
449 Counterintelligence Detachment [c] Arnhem 7/17/1/7 (32)
8/21/2/7 (38)
450 Counterintelligence Detachment [d] Alphen a/d Rijn 7/20/2/7 (36) 8/25/3/7 (43)
451 Counterintelligence Detachment [e] Breda 9/13/1/8 (31) 10/21/2/8 (41)
   
Netherlands Censorship Service [f]
Inspection Netherlands Censorship Service Harderwijk 1/-/- (1) 41/11/13 (65)
Censorship Detachment Amsterdam 148/68/65 (281)
Censorship Detachment Den Haag 113/57/57 (227)
Censorship Detachment Rotterdam 86/52/44 (182)
    1/-/- (1) 388/188/179 (755)
   
893 Fieldpost Censorship Detachment [g]
8/55/96 (159)
   
Royal Army Personnel for Staff UNIFIL [h] Naquoura (LE) 3/3/2 (8)
Infantry Company (UN) [i] Haris (LE) 12/32/110/1 (155)
   
Netherlands Sinai Detachment [j] El Gorah (EG) 7/17/54 (78) (107)


Notes
   
a. Filled by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to twelve and a half years prior to mobilisation.2
b. Temporary unit, to be activated on mobilisation. Filled by professional personnel on active duty from Royal Military Constabulary District Utrecht (KMAR District Utrecht) and equipped with DAF YP-408 armoured personnel carriers. In documents the wartime mission of G Squadron was somewhat blandly described as "to carry out assignments issued directly by the Commander-in-Chief of the Army" but it has been public knowledge for some time that its mission was to secure and evacuate the Royal Family in case of an enemy attack. The squadron exercised this several times per year. On completion of its wartime mission the squadron would be disbanded, its personnel going back to their units in KMAR District Utrecht and its materiel going to other units or back into the war reserve stock (oorlogsreserve); the YP-408s would go to armoured infantry units. Such, at least, was the war planning up until ± 1984. In 1980 Beatrix of Orange-Nassau had succeeded her mother Juliana as Queen of the Netherlands, and since Beatrix had taken up residency in Den Haag the squadron's location near Juliana's residence in Soestdijk (Baarn), some 88 kilometres to the east, had become less than practical. Moving the squadron to KMAR District South Holland was problematic because the necessary materiel infrastructure was not available there. The larger, multiple-day exercises meanwhile ceased. It appears that in 1984, possibly earlier, the squadron's mission was transfered to the high-readiness Armoured Car Platoon 2.6 based in Den Haag (District South Holland), which was equipped with M113A1 armoured personnel carriers. It further appears that G Squadron was disbanded at the end of 1985, but sources are contradictory. Its YP-408s were disposed of in March 1986.11
c. Under operational control of the Head of the Army Intelligence Service (Landmachtinlichtingendienst, LAMID) who was also Head of the Intelligence and Security Division of the Army Staff. Area of responsibility: the provinces of Groningen, Friesland, Drenthe and Overijssel. Would handle offensive and defensive counterintelligence tasks; provide counterintelligence support, both requested and unrequested, to various military authorities, staffs and installations of the Royal Army and the Ministry of Defence; and provide counterintelligence support to NATO staffs, units or organisations present in the detachment's area of responsibility.12
d. See note c. Area of responsibility: the provinces of North Holland, South Holland and Utrecht.12
e. See note c. Area of responsibility: the provinces of Zeeland, North Brabant and Limburg.12
f. Filled by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to eight and a half years prior to mobilisation.2 This included some 350 reserve officers. After the proclamation of a State of War (Staat van Oorlog) and Martial Law (Staat van Beleg) the Netherlands Censorship Service would not only work to prevent the leaking of any information considered to be of importance to the interests and security of the State, it would also collect or enable the collection of such information for intelligence purposes, and pass it on to the appropriate institutions. The three censorship detachments would censor all PTT communications, whilst a number of (probably senior) civil servants of the PTT would work to facilitate the operations of the Service.13
g. Filled by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to eight and a half years prior to mobilisation.2 Responsible for military censorship within the Royal Army and the Royal Air Force.14
h. Most of this personnel was withdrawn to the Netherlands a few days after Dutch Infantry Company returned home (see note i).15
i. Under operational control of United Nations Interim Force In Lebanon (UNIFIL). The company performed peacekeeping duties in South Lebanon from November 1983 to October 1985. Its official United Nations (UN) designation was Dutch Infantry Company (DIC), usually shortened to Dutchcoy. It comprised a company staff, three rifle platoons (each with 2 x Carl Gustav rclr 84 mm, 3 x FN MAG gpmg 7.62 mm and 3 x mortar 2 inch), a signal group and a service support platoon. Apart from standard personal gear, armament, and telex equipment the company used UN-owned equipment, including vehicles. The company was withdrawn to the Netherlands on 24 October 1985 and disbanded on arrival.16
j. Part of the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) deployed in the Sinai peninsula to oversee the 1979 Egypt-Israel peace treaty. Main component was an interservice signals company which maintained internal MFO communications from company level upwards, and external communications with MFO Headquarters in Rome and with Cairo and Tel Aviv. Apart from Royal Army personnel (including Royal Military Constabulary) the detachment also included personnel from the Royal Navy (including Marine Corps) and the Royal Air Force. In the table above only Royal Army personnel is counted; in 1986 overall strength of the Netherlands Detachment was 107 men and women.17 



Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV | Part V

449 CidetNAK SHAPEHQ TWOATAF KL PersNAK NORTHAG-TWOATAFDiv buitenl fiesNL SIG SQN (NSSQ)450 CidetHQ AFCENT KL PersNLM SHAPESHAPE KL PersLAMAT (10x)

Unit Location Peace Strength War Strength
Army Attaché Washington Washington (US) 3/2/-/3 (8)
3/2/-/3 (8)
Army Attaché Bonn Bonn (GE) 2/1/-/1 (4) 2/1/-/1 (4)
Army Attaché London London (UK) 1/1/-/1 (3) 1/1/-/1 (3)
Army Attaché Paris Paris (FR) 1/1/-/1 (3) 1/1/-/1 (3)
Army Attaché Warschau Warschau (PL) 1/2/- (3) 1/2/- (3)
Army Attaché Belgrade Belgrade (YO) 1/1/-/2 (4) 1/1/-/2 (4)
Army Attaché Cairo Cairo (EG) 1/1/-/1 (3) 1/1/-/1 (3)
Army Attaché Damascus Damascus (SY) 1/1/-/1 (3) 1/1/-/1 (3)
Army Attaché Paramaribo Paramaribo (NS) 1/1/-/1 (3) 1/1/-/1 (3)
Army Attaché Jakarta Jakarta (ID) 1/1/- (2) 1/1/- (2)
   
Netherlands Liaison Mission to SHAPE [a] [b] Casteau (BE) 3/1/1 (5)
6/3/3 (12)
Royal Army Personnel for SHAPE [b] Casteau (BE) 20/18/24 (62) 22/17/29 (68)
Netherlands Administrative Corps SHAPE [b] Casteau (BE) 1/6/5/1 (13) 1/5/7/1 (14)
   
Royal Army Personnel for HQ AFCENT [b] [c] Brunssum 25/58/69 (152) 27/63/80 (170)
Netherlands Administrative Corps AFCENT Brunssum 3/14/16/2 (35) 3/7/4/2 (16)
   
Royal Army Personnel for HQ NORTHAG [b] [d] Rheindahlen (GE) 27/16/64 (107)
41/22/126 (189)
Royal Army Personnel for HQ TWOATAF [b] [e] Rheindahlen (GE) 2/4/3 (9) 2/4/4 (10)
Netherlands Administrative Corps
NORTHAG/TWOATAF [b]
Rheindahlen (GE) 6/17/27/2 (52) 7/24/67/2 (100)
   
Netherlands Signal Squadron [f] Rheindahlen (GE) 4/18/95 (114) 4/23/183 (210)
   
Various foreign-country positions Den Haag 9/-/-/1 (10)
   
Royal Army Peace Strength: 4707/14441/33137/12510 (64795)
Royal Army War Strength: 13183/30509/146721/9270 (199683)

Notes
   
a. SHAPE: Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe
b. Filled by personnel from the general pool of mobilisable reserves (vrij-indeelbaar bestand) that had fulfilled their active-duty period in relevant functions up to six and a half years prior to mobilisation.2
c. AFCENT: Allied Forces Central Europe.
d. NORTHAG: Northern Army Group.
e. TWOATAF: Second Allied Tactical Air Force.
f. Probably filled out by personnel on Short Leave.18 Operational in peace and wartime. As part of NORTHAG Signal Group (NSG) the company would set up and sustain communications for Headquarters, NORTHAG. NSG further included Belgian, British and West German signal companies, each of which operated a specific part of the communications system. The Netherlands Signal Squadron (NATO abbreviation: NSSQ) provided a messenger service and layed all cables and lines.19

_________________________________________________
   
1. NL-HaNA, archiefinventaris 2.13.110, 11.  
2. NIMH 205A/10, Aflossing van mobilisabele eenheden en -aanvullingen d.d. 27 mei 1980. Ibid., d.d. 11 november 1983. Ibid., d.d. 17 juni 1985.
3. NL HaNA 2.13.110, inv. nr. 111, Organisatieonderzoek Korpscommando MvD d.d. 30 juni 1976. Ibid., inv. nr. 133 (Korpscommando Landmachtstaf, 1973-1979). NL-HaNA 2.13.182, inv. nr. 84, Wijziging org Korpsco MvD (La) d.d. 6 februari 1970. Ibid., inv. nr. 896, Voorlopig plan opheffen Korpsco MvD La (1e termijn) d.d. 6 november 1991. These documents do not contain an exact description of the tasks of both commands, but they do provide a good overall impression.    
4. VS 2-1050/1A, VI-17 t/m 19.
5. Groen en Klinkert, Boekenwijsheid. Sinterniklaas, Officiersopleidingen. Sorrell, Je maintiendrai, 53-54.
6. Hoffenaar en Schoenmaker, Met de blik, 442. Sorrell, loc. cit. The Higher War School (sometimes and perhaps more fittingly translated as Army Staff College) is discussed in detail in Bosch en Smits, Herziening.
7. The NL-HaNA archive inventory of the directorate contains a remarkably extensive organisational history: NL-HaNA, archiefinventaris 2.13.96, 7-32.
8. Anonymus, Andere werkwijzen.
9. NL-HaNA, archiefinventaris 2.13.125, 17.
10.Tabak, Ze kunnen, 7-9.
11. NL-HaNA 2.13.110, inv. nr. 1338, Reorganisatie Maresk (G) orgtnr. 25.1013.02 d.d. 12 september 1978. NL-HaNA 2.13.175, inv. nr. 140, Stafstudie d.d. 16 juni 1980. Website DAF YP-408 Forgotten Hero, G-Eskadron Koninklijke Marechaussee. Ibid., Fotoalbum Peter Nijmeijer. Additional information kindly provided by Peter Nijmeijer who served with the squadron from 1974 to the end in 1985 (emails 19.03.2019, 30.03.2019 and 01.04.2019). The order for the 'Royal' evacuation mission was known as "Operatieve instructie nr. 4 van de BLS". NL-HaNA 2.13.110, inv. nr. 1338, Aantekeningen bij ontwerp otas Marechaussee-eskadron G d.d. 1 maart 1978, Aantekening HOPNA. The DAF YP-408 armoured personnel carrier was originally designed for this mission (in 1956-1958) before it was adopted as armoured personnel carrier for the armoured infantry of 1 (NL) Corps. Website DAF YP-408 Forgotten Hero, De DAF YP 408, een koninklijk voertuig by S. Ruys. G Squadron was deployed twice in 1975: in March to secure Soestdijk Palace against a (thwarted) plan by South Moluccan terrorists to take Queen Juliana hostage, and in December when South Moluccan terrorists occupied the Indonesian consulate in Amsterdam. Website DAF YP-408 Forgotten Hero, G-Eskadron Koninklijke Marechaussee. Disbandment: Peter Nijmeijer reports that the squadron was disbanded at the end of 1985, or in March 1986 at the latest. On the other hand Jan Gaasbeek, who also served with the squadron, reports in his article Verplaatsing onder pantser that G Squadron existed until halfway the 1990s, and suggests that it was later equipped with M113A1 and subsequently YPR-765 armoured vehicles. Website DAF YP-408 Forgotten Hero, G-Eskadron Koninklijke Marechaussee. Author Jaap Timmer makes a similar claim in Politiegeweld, 470.
12. NL-HaNA 2.13.110, inv. nr. 1308 (Operationele instructies voor commandanten van contra-inlichtingendetachementen, 1978). The Army Intelligence Service fell under the Ministry of Defence. It appears that there was a considerable overlap between the Army Intelligence Service and the aforementioned Intelligence and Security Division of the Army Staff, i.e. many personnel worked for both organisations. Kluiters, De Nederlandse inichtingen- en veiligheidsdiensten, Supplement, 127.
13. NL-HaNA, archiefinventaris 2.13.111, 7-9. This article also mentions a core staff (kernstaf) which is not indicated in the official orders of battle (NIMH 430, inv. nr. 54 (Slagorde KL stand 1 juli 1985). Ibid., inv. nr. 55 (Slagorde KL stand 23 december 1985)). It appears this core staff was part of the Inspection Netherlands Censorship Service. Ibid., 15. PTT: the national postal, telegraph, and telephone service (Posterijen, Telegrafie en Telefonie).
14. NL-HaNA, archiefinventaris 2.13.111, 8-9.
15. Schoenmaker en Roozenbeek, Vredesmacht, 385, 417.
16. SSA-MvD, Archief Chef Landmachtstaf/Bevelhebber der Landstrijdkrachten 1980-1989, gerubriceerd, inventarisnummer 4002e, Memorandum Realisatie Legerplan 92-4-A (Uitzending zelfstandige Infanteriecompagnie VN naar Libanon) d.d. 7 november 1983. Schoenmaker en Roozenbeek, op. cit., 379, 383-385, 417.
17. Hoffenaar en Schoenmaker, op. cit., 370-371. Van den Anker, De Multinational, 74, 75, 80. Hakkert, Het Korps Mariniers, 467.
18. The company is not included in the Royal Army unit filling schemes (see footnote 2).
19. Elands et al., Van telegraaf, 155. Hoffenaar and Krüger, Blueprints, 56.